March 29, 2018
What are the causes and risk factors of Lung Cancer
For many men, smoking along with the use of gutka and alcohol becomes an addiction over a period of time. They are also used to eating outside food , which contains many chemicals and preservatives. Along with these,high stress levels,environmental pollution and many other factors are found to cause among men.
Except those cancers which affect the re-productive system in women, men are mostly affected with other forms of cancers. The incidence of cancer is expected to increase by 45% between 2017 and 2030. Smoking, and use of pan,gutka and tobacco are the main causes for oral and lung cancer. with 80000 deaths happening annually, India has the highest numbers of Oral Cancers in the world. Consumption of food with more salt and spicy food causes cancers in digestive system. Statistics show that Indian men are more prone to such cancers. Among men, mouth and Oral Cancer, esophagus, lungs, Stomach Cancer and colon cancers are common. Irregular life style, unhygienic food and stress result in such cancers. The risk of having Lung Cancer , Head and Neck Cancer is more in individuals working in aluminum and asbestos companies, beverage and tobacco manufactures and places where there is more exposure to gamma radiation.
Prolonged working in AC rooms without exposure to sunlight, night duties, junk food and exposure to pesticides and chemicals also make men more susceptible to cancer. Men above 50 years need to undergo a blood test called Prostate Specific Antigen(PSA) to detect prostate cancer in advance. This form of cancer also effect the sperm, leading to blood in urine, complications in waist and urinary infections. Other forms of diagnosis include Digital Rectal Examination, Prostate Biopsy, Ultrasound, Bone Scan, MRI etc..to detect prostate cancer.
Men should not neglect certain symptoms which are alarming factors for cancer
1. Continuous cough with/without blood
2. Loss of weight and appetite
3. Body pain with fever
4. Blood in Urine or obstruction in urine discharge
5. Blood in stool
6. Severe indigestion
7. Severe neck pain and difficulty swallowing
8. Painful ulcers in mouth
9. Severe Bone pain
These symptoms can be just brushed off, but they are attributed to regular infections and side effects of smoking. It’s important to seek the right treatment when these symptoms occur and also maintain a healthy lifestyle.