March 29, 2018
What are the causes and risk factors of Lung Cancer
Cancer is a serious health condition affecting mankind. The quicker the cancer is diagnosed, better are the treatment options available with good recovery chances. Having knowledge about different types of cancers and how to prevent them along with proper cancer screening helps to detect cancer early.
So what should one watch out for? Formation of lumps, high bleeding, and prolonged problems with digestion are some of the symptoms. These symptoms are common for breast cancer, cervical cancer, mouth cancer, intestinal cancer and skin cancer.
Screening helps in detection of cancer before symptoms appear. If cancer is detected early, it will be easier to treat. By the time symptoms appear, cancer might have begun to spread, making it harder to treat. It involves simple tests that have been shown to reduce deaths by cancer.
Risk factors for different cancers:
The most common risk factors for cancer include smoking, gutka consumption, addiction to alcohol and liver cirrhosis, lack of exercise, obesity and excessive consumption of fat and consumption of less fibber and more spicy food.
Screening in women:
Women above 40 years of age need to undergo digital mammography tests once in a year. From 20 years of age, women need to undergo breast examination, under doctor supervision to look out for onset of cancer. Self-examination by young women for lump formation is the key for early detection.
Women need to undergo screening for cervical cancer, right from third year of active sexual life. They need to undergo PAP Smear test once every year. Liquid-based PAP test can be taken once every two years. After 30 years of age, women need to undergo PAP test once every 3 years, including DNA and HIV test. Those above 70 years, can discontinue PAP test. Those who undergo hysterectomy and removal of uterus need not undergo this test. It is important to administer Cervical Cancer Vaccine in women, from the age of 10 years to 46 years, which reduces the risk of cervical cancer by 90 per cent chances.
Screening test for Prostate Cancer in men:
This type of cancer occurs widely in Indian men, but there is less awareness regarding the disease. Regular Prostate Screening procedures is recommended. Men beyond 50 years of age, need to undergo a blood test called Prostate Specific Antigen, once every year including Digital Rectal examination. If there is family history of prostate cancer, men beyond 40 years of age need to undergo regular prostate screening test.